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Earth observation missions in general and gravity field sensors in particular are naturally designed as low Earth orbiting spacecraft (LEO) with orbit heights of about 200-500 km. In order to fulfil the challenging mission objectives, the precise knowledge of the satellite orbit in space becomes a crucial concern. For these missions precise orbit information is normally provided by GPS / SST observations supported by satellite laser ranging (SLR).
The objective of LISA is to achieve a consensus on a new Austrian land cover data base and demonstrate its benefits offering improved spatial and thematic content.
The development of the Land Information System Austria (LISA) was initiated within ASAP 6 and continued within ASAP 7 to overcome the shortcomings of the existing LC/LU datasets for regional, national as well as European management and reporting requirements.
The LOPT-GNSS (Hose Line Optimisation by GNSS) project set out to develop a demo system which guarantees fast and efficient advancement of hose lines.
The ESA Matroshka experiment was launched to theInternational Space Station (ISS) with a Russian Progressfreighter on January 29, 2004. The cooperation of 15 laboratoriesaround the world makes it the most extensive research effortin radiation dosimetry ever performed in space. The facility is aimed to simulate an astronaut’s body during an extra vehicular activity.
The main aim of the MATSIM-Phase A project is to perform the full numerical simulation of the MATROSHKA phantom with the use of a Monte Carlo radiation transport code. The project is carried out within the framework of the already existing and acknowledged ESA ELIPS project MATROSHKA, an international collaboration of more than 18 research institutes from all over the world.
MATSIM Phase-B - Verification of the Numerical MATROSHKA Model and Monte Carlo Simulations in the ISS Radiation Environment
The aim of MATSIM Phase-B is the validation of the numerical simulation model of MATROSHKA for photon and neutron reference radiation fields, which are available in Austria. The project MATSIM is a co-investigation of the ESA ELIPS-project MATROSHKA, a world wide collaboration that comprises 21 research institutes. MATROSHKA is a facility designed to determine the radiation exposure of an astronaut during an intra- and extravehicular activity at the International Space Station (ISS).
The project aimes at developing and demonstrating a pilot system of an intelligent mobile GPS/GALILEO-based travel assistant, which both guides tourists to interesting routes and provides them with information on the sights they see or photograph.
MDS - MARS 500 - Multifunctional Dynamometer for Application in Space - Training and Diagnostics in the MARS 500 Project
The MDS project aims to develop a training and diagnostic device for application in space.
The goal of the MEDNAV-Project is to determine the exact present position of Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) and forward this information in real-time to Emergency Dispatch Centres in order to minimize the time between sudden cardiac arrest and resuscitation.
The project MEDUSA aims at an objective quantitative decision tool to judge simulated imagery vis-à-vis reality, enabling a profound selection of the most appropriate forecast model for the day.
This project has directly continued the research done in the frame of its preceding project "Electrical Resistivity Measurement of High Temperature Metallic Melts". Unlike its predecessor, it focuses on the measurements of alloys. The pulse heating setup at TU Graz serves as a benchmark for the results obtained from the levitation setup of DLR. The latter is designed to be carried out in microgravity environment. At this stage, parabolic flights with prototypes prepare for a future mission aboard the ISS.
METTRANS - Metastable Solidification of Composites: Novel Peritectic Structures - Studies with Transparent Model Alloys
METTRANS is a complementary project that will assist the ESA-MAP project METCOMP to further study the technical requirements that have to be fulfilled, in order to perform micro gravity experiments in the DIRSOL facility of the Microgravity Science Laboratory, MSL, located in the European Columbus Model on board the ISS.
METTRANS-ISS FP - Metastable Solidification of Novel Peritectic Structures - Studies With Transparent Model Alloys: ISS Flight Preparation
The METTRANS-ISS FP project is especially dedicated to in-situ observations of morphological changes occurring near the peritectic temperature.
MGM – Mobile Geo Memory (Feasibility Study) - Searchable Mobile Memory for Geo-Referenced Personal Information Retrieval
The Mobile Geo-Memory (MGM) would, for the first time, create an integrated, interactive system for mobile users that will not only deliver to basic geo-referenced information, but will also offer the opportunity for everybody to become a provider of geo-referenced data – for personal use and to share within a content community: memories captured with different media, hints and personal experience will be geo-referenced, time-stamped and annotated with text and keyword information.
The aim of the project is to theoretically derive and design an innovative fault tolerant controller function for mission critical applications to be introduced into the already existing processor module.
MicroColumbus - Effects of the Space Environment and Microgravity on Cells of Halophilic Archaebacteria
Following the successful installation of the Columbus laboratory on the International Space Station (ISS) in February 2008, the ESA facility EXPOSE-E was used to compare the adaptation and survival strategies of microorganisms from different terrestrial habitats. Several extremophilic microorganisms were tested, including the halophilic archaeon Halococcus dombrowskii, which was isolated from a 250-million-year-old Alpine salt deposit in Austria. Samples were returned after 18 months of exposure tothe space environment.